An information security consultant is tasked with protecting their clients’ network and data from being breached. In the area of information security, often referred to as cybersecurity, there are many different roles. Some are general with a wide breadth of responsibilities. Others are highly specialized, focused on a specific area of cybersecurity. Cybersecurity consultants most often serve as generalists but may specialize in one or more areas.
There are many roles that a security consultant may specialize in, as the list below from George Washington University shows. Most security consultants will cycle through some of these roles throughout their careers. It is not unusual for a security consultant to fill a few roles simultaneously (including many of the roles listed on the career hub).